Common Street Names for Cocaine:
Signs Someone is Using Cocaine
Common signs of cocaine addiction can include:
- Unusually high levels of energy
- Dilated pupils
- Light or sound sensitivity
- Loss of appetite
- Elevated body temperature
- High blood pressure
- Rapid heartbeat
- Erratic behavior
- Difficulty breathing
- Nose bleeds
The list above does not include every sign or symptom of cocaine addiction. If you or a loved one are using cocaine, seek professional help immediately.
How Does Cocaine Affect the Body and Brain?
Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system, binding to the dopamine transporter in the brain, which then blocks the removal of dopamine from the synapse. Users often feel an immediate sense of euphoria or high, but ultimately experience a crash as dopamine is depleted. Over time, users can become tolerant of the substance's effects and consume more and more cocaine to achieve the same euphoric feeling. The brain begins to identify cocaine as the primary source of reward, and the person can no longer feel the positive reinforcement or pleasurable feelings of natural rewards. This is a hallmark of cocaine addiction and creates a dangerous cycle of use and withdrawal.
According to Partnership for a Drug-Free World, the short-term effects of cocaine are intense, followed by a "crash" as the brain attempts to re-regulate itself: "intense depression, edginess and a craving for more of the drug. Regular users experience greatly increased heart rate, muscle spasms, and convulsions. The drug can make people feel paranoid, angry, hostile, and anxious — even when they aren't high."
Frequent users can develop health conditions such as physical damage to the nose, loss of smell, chronic cough, and arrhythmia. Cocaine can cause severe or even fatal medical events such as seizures, stroke, or heart attacks.
Treatment for a Cocaine Addiction
A person can overcome cocaine addiction with a comprehensive, professional drug rehab program. Treatment often begins with supervised medical detox, followed by residential and/or outpatient drug rehab programs. Clinical group and individual therapy sessions address physical, emotional, and spiritual needs, helping a person determine why they chose to use cocaine.
How Long is Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
The intensity and length of a treatment program for an addiction to cocaine will vary by person and their level of care required. A clinical professional will review the person's use history, general health, and any co-occurring disorders and also consider court-mandated or professional licensure requirements when recommending a treatment program. The average residential drug rehab program is between 17 to 30 days. Depending on the severity of the addiction and the patient's progress, clinicians may recommend extended (90-day rehab) or long-term rehab programs. Many people also continue their treatment in an intensive outpatient or continuing care program after an inpatient rehab.
Break Free from Addiction at Bradford
Bradford offers proven treatment for drug addiction through our complete continuum of care. Our clinical and medical professionals address emotional, spiritual, and physical needs in a comprehensive approach to long-term sobriety.
- Established treatment based on 12-Step principles
- A continuum of care including inpatient, outpatient, extended care, and continuing care services
- Onsite medical stabilization and detox services
- Proven tools to address multiple forms of trauma
- Individual gender-based and transitional living programs
- Programs tailored to fit the needs of professionals in healthcare, legal fields, sports, and veterans
- Free online Family Program
Long Term Drug and
Alcohol Program for Men
Long Term Drug and
Alcohol Program for Women
It can all change at Bradford.
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